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Ontario Arts Council

Music Definitions

 
  • Music creators: This includes individual composers, songwriters, creators of electro-acoustic/electronic music, including producers undertaking electronic soundscapes and manipulations of recorded source material. 
  • Producer: An individual or organization who oversees work intended for public performance, either their own or by a performing organization or collective to which they belong. This also includes working with artists being brought together on stage for the first time to develop repertoire through rehearsal.
  • Presenter: An individual or organization who organizes and executes public artistic performances who is not a part of the performance or a member of the performing organization or collective.
  • Single performance/concert: A presentation or production of a single music concert or performance for which professional musicians are paid.
  • Concert series: A presentation or production of a minimum of two concerts or performances in a season for which professional musicians are paid, and that takes place over an extended time period.
  • Music festival: A presentation of music concerts or performances for which professional musicians are paid, and that takes place in a concentrated time period.
  • Co-production: An activity where an individual artist, collective or organization enters into an arrangement with a partner individual, collective or organization on the production of a concert, series, music festival or opera. Each partner assumes responsibilities for different aspects of the project’s total expenses and associated revenues. An engagement for which you receive from a presenter a guaranteed fee is not considered a co-production.
  • Ad hoc groups/collectives: Must include at least two or more professional musicians, songwriters, composers, and must operate on a not-for-profit basis (e.g. a chamber ensemble or band). A collective must be able to deposit a cheque issued in the name of the group, as opposed to an individual artist.
  • Opera: Opera is a music-based theatrical form, where substantial music and lyric components (e.g., the composer’s score, predominant use of singing voices) are integral to the content and meaning, and key to the work’s artistic integrity and dramatic expression. The term covers genres ranging from traditional repertoire to contemporary operas and new Canadian works. Explorations that push the boundaries of opera employing new technologies, extended vocal techniques or multidisciplinary elements are included, as are culturally specific traditions such as Beijing and Cantonese opera. (Note: Musical theatre is funded in the Theatre Office.  Contact the OAC Theatre or Music offices with questions about eligibility and the most appropriate granting program for a project.)
  • Professional Orchestras and Choral Organizations: Orchestras pay their player based on American Federation of Music (AF of M) scale, and there is a contracted core of musicians and, generally, a master agreement. A choral organization’s singers are paid a fee for rehearsals and performances (whether per service or a contract).
  • Semi-professional Orchestras and Choral Organizations: For orchestras and choral organizations, professional musicians and/or some regular choir members are paid, but in the case of orchestras there may be amateur players who receive an honorarium. In the case of choral organizations, some members may receive no remuneration or pay a membership fee.
  • Community Orchestras and Choral Organizations: There is professional artistic leadership (i.e. conductor, accompanist), with primarily or entirely amateur instrumentalists or choristers who either are unpaid or pay a membership fee. These may be set-up as either not-for-profit organizations or ad hoc groups/collectives. In the case of the latter, the professional artistic leadership, other professional artists and/or professional or volunteer administration would be considered the ad hoc group/collective members (i.e. not the choristers). While community choirs and community orchestras attached to, or that operate directly as part of, educational or religious institutions are not eligible, independent community orchestras and choral organizations may have affiliations and/or collaborations with such institutions.
  • Choral training organizations/groups: Children’s/youth choirs select members through a competitive admission process/audition procedure. The choirs offer vocal/choral lessons in addition to rehearsal and performance opportunities. They can demonstrate that the program is not funded as a provincial primary, intermediate, or secondary school activity. These may be set-up as either not-for-profit organizations or ad hoc groups/collectives. In the case of the latter, the professional artistic leadership, other professional artists and/or professional or volunteer administration would be considered the ad hoc group/collective members (i.e. not the choristers).
  • Amateur: Non-paid musician or chorister who pursues recreational music making.
  • Nationally designated youth orchestra: Organization that has been approved for support through the department of Canadian Heritage’s Canada Arts Training Fund.
  • Presenting facility: A venue or theatre space that may be used by various arts organizations in its community for performances/concerts and which also may undertake its own programming.
  • Commission: Work created by a composer/creator at the request of a performer, ensemble/group or arts organization for which the composer will be paid.